What Are Terpenes in Marijuana?
Terpenes are a large and diverse class of organic compounds found in plants. They are responsible for the odor, flavor, and color of many plants. Terpenes are also believed to have various health benefits.
Terpenes are believed to have anti-inflammatory, anti-anxiety, and anti-cancer properties, among others. Some cannabis terpenes are even thought to increase the potency of cannabis. For this reason, many cannabis dispensaries now sell cannabis strains that are high in terpenes.
Terpenes, Cannabinoids and The Entourage Effect
The entourage effect is the term used to describe the synergistic relationship between cannabinoids and terpenes. The theory is that the different cannabinoids and terpenes work together to create a more potent effect than when they are used separately.
There is some evidence to support this theory. For example, a review published in 2011 found that the combination of THC and CBD was more effective at reducing pain than either cannabinoid alone.
The entourage effect is also thought to be responsible for the different effects of different cannabis strains. For example, a strain that is high in THC may produce a different effect than a strain that is high in CBD. This is because the cannabinoids and terpenes in each strain work together to create a unique effect.
Terpenes, taste and aroma
It is important to note that the taste and smell of cannabis can vary depending on the terpenes present. This means that a strain that is high in limonene may taste different than a strain that is high in myrcene.
For example, strains that are high in limonene smell citrusy, while strains that are high in myrcene smell earthy. Stains high in Linalool smell floral, and strains high in Caryophyllene smell peppery.
The Most Common Terpenes in Marijuana
Some of the most common cannabis terpenes include myrcene, limonene, linalool, and caryophyllene. Each terpene has its own unique set of benefits.
· Myrcene, for example, is known to have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties.
· Limonene may have anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory properties.
· Linalool is known for its anti-anxiety and anti-psychotic properties.
· Caryophyllene is known for its anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, as well as its ability to reduce anxiety and depression.
How to use cannabis terpenes
Here are a few ways you can use cannabis terpenes.
1. Add them to cannabis flowers or concentrates to enhance the flavor and aroma.
2. Add them to other essential oils to create your own blends.
3. Use them in aromatherapy.
4. Consume them orally.
5. Inhale them using a vape pen or vape cartridge.
How are cannabis terpene products created?
Terpenes are generally botanically derived, which means they are extracted from natural sources (but not from hemp or marijuana). There are a few ways to extract terpenes, including steam distillation, carbon dioxide extraction, and cold pressing.
Some companies produce 'terpene profile' products, which means they re-create a strains taste and smell by using exactly the same ratio of terpenes as found in the strain itself.
To Terp, or Not to Terp?
Now that you know all about terpenes, it's time to try them out!
There are a number of ways to use them, so find what works best for you. Terpenes can be added to cannabis flowers or concentrates to enhance the flavor and aroma. They can also be added to other essential oils to create your own blends.